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The London Gazette PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY From Monday, September 3, to Monday, September 10, 1666 Whitehall, Sept. 8. The ordinary course of this paper having been interrupted by a sad and lamentable accident of Fire lately happened in the City of London: It hath been thought fit for satisfying the minds of so many of his Majesties good subjects who must needs be concerned for the Issue of so great an accident, to give this short, but true account of it. On the second instant, at one of the clock in the Morning, there happened to break out, a sad in deplorable Fire in Pudding-lane, near New Fish- street, which falling out at that hour of the night, and in a quarter of the Town so close built with wooden pitched houses spread itself so far before the day, and with such distraction to the inhabitants and Neighbours, that care was not taken for the timely preventing the further diffusion of it, by pulling down houses, as ought to have been; so that this lamentable Fire in a short time became too big to be mastered by any Engines or working near it. It fell out most unhappily too, That a violent Easterly wind fomented it, and kept it burning all that day, and the night following spreading itself up to Grace-church-street and downwards from Cannon-street to the Waterside, as far as the Three Cranes in the Vintry. The people in all parts about it, distracted by the vastness of it, and their care to carry away their Goods, many attempts were made to stop the spreading of it by pulling down Houses, and making great Intervals, but all in vain, the Fire seizing upon the Timber and Rubbish, and so continuing it set even through those spaces, and raging in a bright flame all Monday and Tuesday, not withstanding His Majesties own, and His Royal Highness's indefatigable and personal pains to apply all possible remedies to prevent it, calling upon and helping the people with their Guards; and a great number of Nobility and Gentry unweariedly assisting therein, for which they were requited with a thousand blessings from the poor distressed people. By the favour of God the Wind slackened a little on Tuesday night & Flames meeting with brick buildings at the Temple, by little and little it was observed to lose its force on that side, so that on Wednesday morning we began to hope well, and his Royal Highness never despairing or slackening his personal care wrought so well that day, assisted in some parts by Lords of the Council before and behind is that a stop was put to it at the Temple Church, neer Holborn-bridge, Pie-corner, Aldersgate, Cripple-gate, neer the lower end of Coleman-street, at the end of Basin-hall-street by the Postern at the lower end of Bishopsgate-street and Leadenhall- street, at the Standard in Cornhill at the church in Fenchurch-street, neer Cloth-workers Hall in Mincing-lane, at the middle of Mark-lane, and at the Tower-dock. On Thursday by the blessing of God it was wholy beat down and extinguished. But so as that evening it unhappily burst out again a fresh at the Temple, by the falling of some sparks (as is supposed) upon a pile of wood buildings; but his Royal Highness who watched there that whole night in Person, by the great labours and dilligence used, and especially by applying Powder to blow up the Houses about it, before day most happily mastred it. Divers Strangers, Dutch and French were, during the fire, apprehended, on suspicion that they contributed mischieviously to it, who are all imprisoned, and Informations prepared to make a severe inquisition here upon by my Lord Chief Justice Keeling,
assisted by some of the Lorda of the Privy Council; and some principal Members of the City, notwithstanding which suspicion,the manner of the burning all along in a Train, and so blowen forwards in all its ways by strong Winds, make us conclude that the whole was an effect of an unhappy chance, or to speak better, the heavy hand of God upon us for our sins, shewing us the terrour of his Judgement in thus raising the Fire, and immediately after his miraculous and never to be acknowledged Mercy, in putting a stop to it when we were in the last despair, and that all attempts for quenching it however industrially pursued seemed insufficient. His Majesty then sat hourly in Council, and ever since has continued making rounds about the City in all parts of it where the the danger and mischief was greatest, till the morning when he hath sent his Grace the Duke of Albermarle, whom he hath called for to assist him in this great occasion, to put his happy and successful hand to the finishing this memorable deliverance. About the Tower the seasonal orders given for plucking down the Houses to secure the Magazines of Powder was more especially successful, that part being up the Wind, not withstanding which it came almost to the very Gates of it. So as by this early the general Stores of War lodged in the Tower were entirely saved: And we have further this intimate cause to give God thanks, that the fire did not happen where his Majesties Naval Stores are kept. So as though it had pleased God to visit us with his own hand, he hath not, by disfurnishing us with the means of carrying on the War, subjected us to our enemies. It must be observed, that this fire happened in a part of the Town, where tho the commodities were not very rich, yet they were so bulky that they could not be well removed, so that the Inhabitants of that part where it first began have sustained very great loss, but the best enquiry we can make, the other parts of the Town where the commoditieis were of greater value, took the Alarum so early, that they saved most of their goods of value; which posibly may have diminished the loss. tho some think that if the whole industry of the Inhabitants had been applyed to the stopping of the fire, and not to the saving of their particular Goods, the success might have been much better,not only to the publick, but to many of them in their own particulars. Through this sad Accident it is easie to be imagined how many persons were neccessitated to remove themselves and Goods into the open fields, where they were forced to continue some time, which could not but work compassion in the beholders, but his Majesties care was most signal in this occasion, who besides his personal pains was frequent in consulting all ways for relieving those distressed persons, which produced so good effect, as well as by his Majesties Proclomations and Orders issued to the Neighbours Justices of the Peace to encourage the sending in provisions to the Markets, which are publickly known, as by other directions, that when his Majesty, fearing lest other Orders might not have been sufficient, had comanded the Victualer of his Navy to send bread into the Moore-fields for relief of the poor, which for the more speedy supply he sent in Bisket out of the Sea Stores; it was found that the Markets had already been so well supplyd that the people being un-accustomed to that kind of Bread declined it, and so it was returned in greater part to his Majestys Stores again without any use made of it. And we cannot but observe the confutation of all his Majesties enemies, who endevour to perswade the world abroad of great parties, and disaffection at home against his Majesties Government; that a greater instance of the affections of this City could never have been given than have now been given in this sad and deplorable Accident when if at any time disorder might have been expected from the losses, distraction,and almost desperation of some people in their private fortune, thousands of people not having had habitation to cover them.
And yet in all this time it hath been so far from any appearance of designs or attemts against his Majesties Government, that his Majesty and hie Royal Brother, out of their care to stop and prevent the fire, frequently exposing their persons with very small attendants in all parts of the Town--sometimes even to be intermixed with those who laboured in the business, yet never the less there have not been observed so much as a ????muting word to fall from any, but on the contrary, even those persons, whose losses rendered their conditions most desperate, and to be fit objects of others prayers, beholding those frequent instances of his Majesties care of his people, forgot their own misery, and filled the streets with their prayers for his Majesty, whose trouble they seemed to compassionate before their own. A FARTHUR ACCOUNT OF THIS LAMENTABLE FIRE. This dismal fire broke out at a baker's shop in Pudding-lane by Fish-street, in the lower part of the City, neer Thames-street (among wooden houses ready to take fire & full combustible goods) in Billingsgate-ward; which ward in a few hours was laid in ashes. As it began in the dead of the night when everybody was asleep, the darkness greatly increased the horror of the calamity; it rapidly rushed down the hill to the bridge; crossed Thames-street to St-Mangus church at the foot of the bridge; but having scaled and captured its fort, shot large volumes of flames into every place about it. The fire drifted back to the City again & roared with great violence through Thames-street aided by the combustible matter deposited there with such a fierce wind at its back as to strike with horror its beholders. Fire! Fire! Fire! doth resound in every street, some starting out of their sleep and peering through the windows half dressed. Some in nightdresses rushing wildly about the streets crying piteously & praying to God for assistance, women carrying children in their arms & the men looking quite bewildered. Many cripples were also seen hobbling about not knowing which way to go to get free from the flames which were raging all round them. No man that had the sence of human miseries could unconcertedly behold the frightfull destruction made in one of the noblest Cities in the world. What a confusion! the Lord Mayor of the city came with his officers, & London so famous for its wisdom can find neither hands nor brains to prevent its utter ruin. London must fall to the ground in ashes & who can prevent it? The fire raged mastery, & burnt dreadfully; by the fierce Easterly wind it spread quickly in all directions, overturning all so furiously that the whole city is brought into a desolation. That night most of the citizens had taken their last sleep; & when they went to sleep they little thought that when their ears were unlocked that such an enemy had invaded their City, & and that they should see him with such fury break through their doors, and enter their rooms with such threatening countenance. It commenced on the Lords day morning, never was there the like Sabbath in London: many churches were in flames that day; God seemed to come down and preach himself in them, as he did in Sinai when the mount burnt with fire: such warm preaching those churches never had before.